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# Course Descriptions

MATH
105
Quantitative Reasoning and Statistical Analysis
An introduction to some of the quantitative techniques used to clarify ordinary experience and to some of the statistical ideas used to shape public policy and human sciences, with emphasis on the concepts involved in producing, organizing, and drawing conclusions from data. Does not count toward the major or minor. Not open to students who already have credit from BUSN-160, ECON-160, ANSO-212, MATH-260, or MATH-261.

MATH
110
Calculus I with Review, Part 1
MATH 110 and 111 cover in two terms the material covered in Mathematics 112. In addition, topics from precalculus mathematics are reviewed and practiced as needed. Precalculus topics include: algebra and analytic geometry; linear, quadratic, polynomial and rational functions; and trigonometric functions. Enrollment is restricted to those who were advised to take Math 110-111 on the basis of the department's placement examination. The Successful completion of the two-term Math 110-111 sequence serves as an alternate prerequisite for all college courses requiring MATH 112 and contributes one unit toward the nine units required for the math major.
Placement into MATH-110 required

MATH
111
Calculus I with Review, Part 2
This course continues the study of calculus begun in MATH 110. Review of precalculus mathematics continues as needed. Successful completion of the two-term Math 110-111 sequence serves as an alternate prerequisite for all college courses requiring MATH 112 and contributes one unit toward the nine units required for the math major
MATH-110 All course prerequisites must be met with a minimum grade of C-.

MATH
112
Calculus I
Differential calculus of single-variable functions: limits, derivatives, differentiation rules, related rates, optimization. An emphasis on problem solving using the tools of differential calculus with application to the natural and social sciences.
Math Placement Exam Required

MATH
113
Calculus II
Integral calculus of single-variable functions: the fundamental theorem of calculus, techniques of integration, infinite sequences and series. An emphasis on problem solving using the tools of integral calculus with application to the natural and social sciences.
MATH-112 or MATH-111 or placement into MATH-113 All course prerequisites must be met with a minimum grade of C-.

MATH
214
Calculus III
Series, vectors in two and three dimensions, and integral and differential calculus of functions of several variables.
MATH-113 or placement into MATH-214 All course prerequisites must be met with a minimum grade of C-.

MATH
240
Linear Algebra and Vectors
Study of vector spaces, matrices, determinants, linear transformations, systems of equations and eigenvalues.
MATH-113 or placement into MATH-240 All course prerequisites must be met with a minimum grade of C-.

MATH
250
Discrete Mathematics
Introduction to formal structures and mathematical reasoning. Graphs, sets, logic, induction, structure of mathematical proof, counting, relations, and algebraic structures.
MATH-112 and one computer science course. All course prerequisites must be met with a minimum grade of C-.

MATH
260
Applied Statistics I
Introduction to statistics including methods of data collection and description, correlation and regression, chance, and statistical inference. The course makes extensive use of technology and is designed for students in the behavioral, biological, and social sciences. Does not count towards the major or minor in mathematics. Not open to students who already have credit from BUSN-160, ECON-160, or MATH-261.

MATH
261
Biostatistics
Introduction to statistics with particular attention to applications in biology and health sciences. Topics include sampling methods, design of experiments, exploratory data analysis, estimation, tests of significance, ANOVA, and correlation and regression analysis. BIOL 112 and 123 highly recommended. Does not count towards the major or minor in mathematics. Not open to students who already have credit from BUSN-160, ECON-160, or MATH-260.

MATH
265
Introduction to Data Science
Living under the data deluge of the early 21st century, our challenge is no longer finding data, but instead transforming it into a format useful for addressing important questions. To that end, this course will focus on the use of the R statistics language and environment to access, visualize, transform and model data. Specific topics may include data scraping, data wrangling, graphical displays, reproducible research reports, and methods for modeling data including supervised and unsupervised learning.
MATH-260 or MATH-261 or COMP-210 or with instructor permission.

MATH
270
Nonlinear Dynamics and Chaos
Dynamical systems are mathematical objects used to model phenomena of natural and social phenomena whose state changes over time. Nonlinear dynamical systems are able to show complicated temporal, spatial, and spatiotemporal behavior. They include oscillatory and chaotic behaviors and spatial structures including fractals. Students will learn the basic mathematical concepts and methods used to describe dynamical systems. Applications will cover many scientific disciplines, including physics, chemistry, biology, economics, and other social sciences. Appropriate for Math or Physics Majors.

MATH
280
Ordinary Differential Equation: Analytic, Symbolic, and Numeric Techniques
Introduction to key concepts underlying analytical methods for the solution of ordinary differential equations and first-order systems studied together with techniques for constructing approximate numerical solutions.
MATH-214 and MATH-240 All course prerequisites must be met with a minimum grade of C-.

MATH
295
Getting to X: Math & Some of Its History
This is a course about mathematics, rather than about a branch of mathematics. We will use history as a unifying approach as we navigate ideas, in an attempt to see mathematics more broadly than our other courses usually allow. We will strive to put some of the ideas we've already encountered in context as well as introduce ourselves to new mathematical ideas.
MATH-214 and MATH-240. All course prerequisites must be met with a minimum grade of C-.

MATH
300
Automata, Formal Languages, and Computability
Study of automata as mathematical models of computation; of formal languages, which play a central role in the specification and translation of programming languages; and of the fundamental capabilities and limitations of computers.
MATH-250 or MATH-330, and 1 COMP course All course prerequisites must be met with a minimum grade of C-.

MATH
310
Complex and Vector Variables
Generalizations of differentiation and integration to spaces of higher dimension: divergence, curl, and the classical integration theorems of multivariable calculus. Introduction to analytic functions of a complex variable, including Laurent series, Cauchy's formula, and conformal mapping.
MATH-214 and MATH-240 All course prerequisites must be met with a minimum grade of C-.

MATH
316
Topics in Number Theory
Study of classical number theory including distribution of primes, congruences, the Euler Phi function, and quadratic reciprocity. This course will also focus on developing proof writing skills. This course is typically offered in the winter of even years.
MATH-214 and MATH-240 with a C- or better

MATH
318
Topics in Topology
An introduction to topological spaces including the study of connectedness, metric spaces, and compactness. This course will also focus on developing proof writing skills. This course is typically offered in the winter of odd years.
MATH-214 and MATH-240; All course prerequisites must be met with a minimum grade of C-.

MATH
320
Real Analysis I
Introduction to basic topological concepts in metric spaces followed by rigorous development of classical real analysis including sequences and series of functions, continuity, differentiability, and Reimann-Stieltjes integration. This course is among the most theoretical in our curriculum. This course is typically offered in the spring of odd years.
MATH-310, MATH-316, or MATH-318 All course prerequisites must be met with a minimum grade of C-.

MATH
330
Abstract Algebra I
Study of modern abstract algebra including groups, rings, fields, and other algebraic structures together with advanced topics of linear algebra. This course is among the most theoretical in our curriculum. This course is typically offered in the spring of even years.
MATH-310, MATH-316, or MATH-318 All course prerequisites must be met with a minimum grade of C-.

MATH
360
Applied Statistics II
This course uses real data case studies to review descriptive statistics and to explore statistical inference for means, proportions, and transformations; analysis of variance; and regression. Statistical software is used throughout. The course is recommended both for students planning to do graduate coursework in the behavioral, biological, and social sciences and for mathematics majors seeking a comprehensive introduction to statistical methods.
200-level math course. All course prerequisites must be met with a minimum grade of C-.

MATH
362
Probability
Study of mathematical theory of probability. Topics include data analysis, discrete and continuous sample spaces, combinatorial problems, random variables, probability densities and distributions, expected value, moment-generating functions, functions of a random variable, sampling distributions, and the central limit theorem.
MATH-113 All course prerequisites must be met with a minimum grade of C-.

MATH
365
Mathematical Statistics
Study of statistical inference. Topics include sampling theory, point and interval estimations, hypothesis testing, and regression. Stochastic processes, analysis of variance, simple experimental design, and nonparametric statistics may also be included.
MATH-362 All course prerequisites must be met with a minimum grade of C-.

MATH
395
Self-Selected Topics in Math
This seminar aims to develop proficiency in communicating mathematics and to provide an opportunity for students to learn about a topic of individual interest outside the usual curriculum.

MATH
420
Real Analysis II
Continuation of MATH 320 and is typically offered in the spring of even years.
MATH-320 All course prerequisites must be met with a minimum grade of C-.

MATH
430
Abstract Algebra II
Continuation of MATH 330 and is typically offered in the spring of odd years.
MATH-330 All course prerequisites must be met with a minimum grade of C-.

MATH
450
Special Topics: Cryptography
This course provides a mathematics-based introduction to cryptography. Students will study the algorithms and security of various symmetric-key and public-key cryptosystems, and will write programs to implement several different cryptographic algorithms. Students will also gain some awareness of the social, ethical, and political issues related to cryptography.
COMP-108 or COMP-110 and MATH-250 or MATH-316 or MATH-330 All course prerequisites must be met with a minimum grade of C-.

MATH
490
Senior Seminar
In this course we will explore some of the meta-themes of mathematics. In particular, we will examine how themes such as continuity and approximation are evident - or not - in various branches of mathematics. We will also reflect on such topics as the role of proof in mathematics versus the role of intuition, and what literacy in mathematics means.

MATH
593
Senior Integrated Project
Each program or department sets its own requirements for Senior Integrated Projects done in that department, including the range of acceptable projects, the required background of students doing projects, the format of the SIP, and the expected scope and depth of projects. See the Kalamazoo Curriculum -> Senior Integrated Project section of the Academic Catalog for more details.
Permission of department and SIP supervisor required.

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